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What in the World?

Can the US military fight Russia and China?

Mar 08, 2023


Tensions are flaring between China and the United States, with the People’s Republic reporting an increase in military spending by 7.2% this year and its foreign minister warning of conflict with the U.S. On the Russian front, the U.S. has been sending billions of dollars in aid to Ukraine to help in its fight against Putin’s regime, prompting the existential question: What if Russia attacks a NATO country?

Straight Arrow News contributor Peter Zeihan examines a scenario in which the U.S. military is fighting China and Russia simultaneously.

Excerpted from Peter’s Mar. 7 “Zeihan on Geopolitics” newsletter:

With the potential for the Americans to get caught up in simultaneous wars with the Russians and Chinese, do I think the U.S. can handle it? The short answer is that the U.S. will be fine, but if you had asked me this during the Cold War – it would have been a cakewalk for the Americans.

While I don’t think it’s likely (and it is most certainly not recommended), simultaneous wars with the Russians and Chinese wouldn’t be overwhelming for the U.S. military. That is because those two wars would boast extremely different circumstances.

War with the Russians would be a war of supply, providing munitions — specifically the decommissioned and outdated stuff — to the Ukrainians. On the flip side, war with the Chinese would be fought on the seas; the navies would be doing much of the heavy lifting.

The military assets needed to fight these wars would strain different structures, allowing the U.S. military to operate at a manageable and sustainable level.

Everybody Peters, I’m coming to you from California. A lot of people have written in some questions about US military strategy in light of the Ukraine war and perhaps hostilities with the Chinese. Back during the Cold War, the United States maintain a military policy of being able to fight two and a half wars, the idea that’d be two major conflicts with the Soviets. And you know, we still need enough dry powder to fight like a small brush fire conflict. And the post cold war era that’s basically shrunk down to one, the idea that the United States is assets are now more concentrated than they used to be. And that means they need to be more focused. And so if we end up into a conflict with the Russians and the Chinese at the same time, am I concerned that we can’t pull that off, and the short version is no. Now the nature of the conflict in Ukraine is one where the United States feels and can’t become directly involved, because the risk of a nuclear escalation be huge. And that means we’re supplying the Ukrainians to fight the war force by from a certain point of view. And in doing so, to this point, the military assets that are being transferred are things that we don’t use, most of this is equipment that dates back to the 70s in the 80s, that was decommissioned in the 90s in the 2000s. And honestly, the United States doesn’t think of that as part of its balance sheet in terms of its order forces, it’s stuff that we had to dispose of, actually, so in many ways, Ukrainians are saving us money in a weird sort of way. That means that the army is still available to do whatever with all of the equipment that it would use. Anyway, there hasn’t been anything taken off the topic make separate, maybe there’s some ammo, and we’re already producing five times as many artillery shells a day as we did before the war, so I’m not really overly concerned there. In addition, if we do get into a clash with the Chinese, which I don’t think we will, but if we do that is going to be primarily a naval fight. So it’s entirely possible, if not necessarily recommended, that the United States could be involved in a land war on the western end of Eurasia while being involved in a naval war on the eastern end. And the sort of military supplies that go to those two different types of forces are ones the United States is perfectly capable of providing simultaneously. So while I’m not advocating for a war with either power, and I don’t think a war with either power is likely, United States actually is capable of doing both of those at the same time, this is not chewing and walking. This is doing two radically different things with radically different command structures, and especially military assets that don’t necessarily need to be in the same place at the same time. All right, hope that makes a few people feel that a little bit better about a few things. See you guys next time.

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